Famine has been one of the greatest challenges for humanity throughout history. It is a condition where a significant portion of the population lacks access to sufficient food, leading to severe malnutrition and starvation. Unfortunately, despite the progress made in science and technology, famine remains a persistent threat in many parts of the world. This article by will explore what famine is and where it is expected to strike.
Famine: What Is It And Where Is It Expected To Strike? Darren Dohme Answers
What is famine?
Famine is a complex phenomenon that emerges from multiple factors such as climate, politics, conflict, and societal factors, says Darren Dohme. It is not merely a lack of food, but it is a breakdown of food systems that ultimately results in widespread hunger and malnutrition. Famine typically occurs when people are unable to access food due to economic, social, or environmental reasons. For example, a drought or a flood can wipe out crops and destroy food reserves, leading to scarcity and price hikes. Similarly, civil unrest and wars can disrupt food supply chains, making it difficult for people to obtain food. Famine is not only a physical problem but also a social and political one.
Where is famine expected to strike?
According to the United Nations, there are currently 34 countries that require urgent food assistance due to a combination of factors such as conflict, climate shocks, and economic disruptions. Yemen, South Sudan, and Somalia are currently facing the most severe humanitarian crisis, with millions of people on the brink of famine. The ongoing conflict in Yemen has severely disrupted the country’s food systems, leading to a massive food crisis. Parts of South Sudan are experiencing famine-like conditions due to prolonged conflict, displacement, and drought. Somalia, on the other hand, is facing a triple threat of conflict, drought, and economic instability, which has left millions of people in dire need of food assistance.
In addition to these three countries, other parts of the world are also at risk of famine. For example, several countries in the Sahel region of Africa are facing an acute food crisis due to drought and conflict. Afghanistan is also experiencing a significant food emergency due to the ongoing conflict and displacement. The COVID-19 pandemic has further worsened the situation in many parts of the world by destabilizing food systems and triggering economic slowdowns, leading to widespread hunger and malnutrition.
What can be done to prevent famine?
Famine is not entirely preventable, but several measures can help mitigate its impact on vulnerable populations. One of the most critical steps is to improve food security by investing in sustainable agriculture and food systems. This involves providing support to smallholder farmers, improving infrastructure, and championing sustainable farming practices. It also involves reducing food waste and investing in research and development of new food technologies.
Another crucial measure, as per Darren Dohme, is to address the root causes of famine, including conflict, climate change, and economic instability. Resolving conflicts and promoting peaceful coexistence can significantly reduce high levels of hunger and malnutrition. Addressing climate change can help prevent droughts and other weather-related disasters that could destroy food systems. Ensuring that economic systems are stable and equitable can help prevent price hikes and ensure that everyone has access to food.
Darren Dohme’s Concluding Thoughts
Famine remains a significant challenge for much of the world’s population, especially in parts of Africa and the Middle East. According to Darren Dohme, it is a complex problem that requires a multifaceted approach to address effectively. By investing in sustainable agriculture, promoting peaceful coexistence, addressing climate change, and ensuring economic stability, we can help mitigate the impact of famine on vulnerable populations. Ultimately, ending famine requires a global commitment to tackling the root causes of hunger and malnutrition.